Life line regulations
The regulations and the national legislative framework require that any work performed at height must be protected against falls from above . The work can be considered at a height if the employee works at a height of 2.0 m higher than a stable floor.
For this purpose, Legislative Decree 81/08 requires that, if collective protection measures have not been carried out ( scaffolding , parapets , walkways, etc.), the operator can use equivalent suitable protection systems such as energy absorbers, connectors, anchoring devices, retractable devices, flexible lifelines, rigid lifelines, harnesses, etc …
At regional and provincial level there are various local laws and regulations that have introduced the obligation to provide, in the case of new construction or substantial interventions on roofs, permanent protection systems against falls from a height, otherwise denying the qualification. .
There are also European and national product standards that regulate the production, type tests, materials of fall arrest systems . In fact, each component entered in the label must comply with one or more specific product standards.
Fall Protection Regulations
Norma contenente i requisiti, i metodi di prova, le istruzioni per l’uso e la marcatura di dispositivi di ancoraggio progettati esclusivamente per l’uso con dispositivi di protezione individuale contro le cadute dall’alto.
EN 795/12 :
The standard specifies the performance requirements and associated test methods for single-user anchoring devices intended to be removed from the facility.
“This standard is currently not applicable to fixed fall arrest devices. According to Council Directive 89/686 / EEC, of 21 December 1989, the manufacturer can use the only specific sector standard, namely UNIEN795 / 96 or UNIEN795 / 02, to comply with the state of the art. ”
UNI CEN / TS16415 / 13: This technical specification defines the recommendations for the requirements, test equipment, test methods, marking and information provided by the manufacturer for anchoring devices intended to be used by more than one user at the same time EN517 / 06: The standard specifies the essential dimensions, the materials to be used, the requirements relating to the capacity to bear the loads and the extent of the tests of safety roof hooks.
UNI EN 11158/15 :
Personal protective equipment against falls from a height – Fall arrest systems – Guide for selection and use PPE standards: EN 341 Descenders, EN 353 Guided fall arrest devices, EN 354 Lanyards, EN 355 Energy absorbers, EN 358 Positioning , EN 360 Retractable fall arrest devices, EN 361 Harnesses, EN 362 Connectors, EN 363 General requirements for fall arrest systems, EN 365 Marking and instructions for use, EN 795 Devices (Class B only).
UNI 11578/15 :
Anchor devices intended for permanent installation – requirements and test methods. The standard specifies the requirements and test methods for anchoring devices, which include fixed or mobile anchoring points, intended for permanent installation on or in the structure, designed to accommodate one or more users connected at the same time;
UNI 11560/14 :
Permanent anchoring systems on the roof. Guide for identification, configuration, installation, use and maintenance. The standard provides guidelines for the configuration of anchoring systems on the roof and their use against falling from above through fall arrest systems.
UNI 14122-3 :
The Italian legislation (Legislative Decree 81/2008) requires, to ensure a unique level of safety and commensurate with the risk, to “ apply a minimum height of 1.10 m ” not only for parapets placed to protect plants and machinery but “in general for the new parapets used in the industrial and artisan sector”.
The rules for the construction of fixed parapets placed to protect plants and machinery indicated below are mainly taken from the EN ISO 14122-3 standard. However, if the needs of the company prevent them from following them to the letter, the parapets must be designed and built on the basis of a specific risk assessment. In particular, the risk assessment must be carried out in cases where the characteristics of the workplace involve additional risks, for example when to work it is necessary to lean over the railing or crouch close to it. Furthermore, the provisions of the various national systems must always be taken into consideration, if they are more restrictive.
According to EN 14122-3, the parapet must have a minimum height of 1.10 m and the handrail must have a diameter between 25 and 50 mm. Furthermore, between any point of the handrail and any barriers or obstacles there must be a free space of 100 mm and the ends of the handrail must not have sharp edges (to avoid the danger of cuts) or edges where clothes can get caught.